This series will look at the scientific facts that are contained in the Qur`aan. The first will look at what the Qur`aan will say about the Big Bang.
The Qur`an presents in three verses a brief synthesis of the phenomena that constituted the basic process of the formation of the Universe.
---sura 21, verse 30:
"Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one mass), then We clove them asunder and We made from water every living thing?. Will they not then believe?"
(it should be noted here that when God refers to himself as `We` it is meant to convey ones greatness-not that he is more than one. This is a common arabic litery device to use the plural to signify one`s importance, high station, etc)
The above describes the universe at the moment of its conception- as a point mass that explodes to form the universe. The Big Bang theory is strongly supported by the recent results from infra-red satellites and measurements of background radiation. The astronomer Edwin Hubble noted that all galaxies in the universe are receding from one another, suggesting that the universe is expanding. This fact is also mentioned in the Qur`aan:
---Sura 51, verse 47:
"The heaven, We have built it with power. Verily. We are expanding it."
`Heaven` is the translation of the word sama` and this is the universe that is meant.
`We are expanding it` is the translation of the plural present participle musi`una of the verb ausa`a meaning `to make wider, more spacious, to extend, to expand`.
After the Big Bang event, stars and planets condensed from a gas that eventually cooled.
---sura 41, verse 11:
"Moreover (God) turned to the Heaven when it was smoke and said to it and to the earth..."
The statement of the existence of a gaseous mass with fine particles, for this is how the word `smoke` (dukan in Arabic) is to be interpreted. Smoke is generally made up of a gaseous substratum, plus, in more
or less stable suspension, fine particles that may belong to solid and even liquid states of matter at high or low temperature;