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 Be the first pioneers to continue the Astronomy Discussions at our new Astronomy meeting place...The Space and Astronomy Agora Why Does Time Fly? Forum List | Follow Ups | Post Message | Back to Thread TopicsPosted by Antti Roine on March 6, 2005 15:40:19 UTC

Why Does Time Fly?

Only five hundred years ago scientist believed that the earth is flat, because it was forbidden to test the other assumptions. Today scientist believe on Big Bang and time traveling because nobody wants to shake the primary assumptions, it is much more easier to repair the old models using new parameters, dimensions, strings and iron wire. For example, we think that the gravity pulls the pencil down to the floor if we drop it. However, we may find new routes and explanations if we have courage to assume that gravity pushes the pencil down to the floor. This simple reassessment will lead to very different conclusions than the traditional assumptions.

Time may be regarded as a simple phenomenon or as a great mystery, depending on our point of view. It is easy to understand what the other physical or chemical base units represent, however, we may ask what does time measure and what is time made of?

We can measure length using the metric gauge and time using the clock. However, the clock measures the oscillation speed of the quartz crystal, the sundial measures the rotation speed of the earth and the calendar measures the orbital speed of the earth around the sun.

Time exists because the world is changing all the time. Time stops when all motion stops. However, without motion our world would die because the orbital motion of the celestial spheres and the atomic particles prevents the collapse of our world, i.e. time is made from the motion of our universe. Time is a relative phenomenon, because the speed of motion depends on the comparison point and because the speed of all processes depends on the local prevailing conditions.

In this respect time is not a base unit but a derived unit, which is created from motion and speed. Time is a very practical and handy tool, which makes it possible to arrange and organize events and activities in a reasonable order. However, time is not the fourth dimension, where we can freely move as we can in the other three dimensions. The other base units are also based on motion: Electric current is the motion of electrons, light intensity is the motion of photons, temperature is the oscillation of atoms and mass is the inertia of material when it is moved. Length gives the distance of the motion and the amount of substance gives the number of moving particles.

Time Machine

The time machine has already been invented, however, it only works forwards. Nearly all of us have such an apparatus in our home. We can easily test it by leaving one tomato for two weeks on the table and the other one in the fridge. Time passes more slowly in the fridge because the tomato that was in the fridge seems to be younger than the one on the table, because the low temperature slows down the chemical reactions.

A similar illusion may be created using two accurate clocks. One clock is placed on a plane and the other one on the ground. When the plane comes back, the clock on the plane seems to have lost some time. The large movement of the plane in the gravitational field slows down physical processes. This phenomenon is based on process and reaction kinetics and not on variation in time.

All internal motion and “time” stops at the speed of light. Light proceeds using waveform in the pervasive gravitational energy field at a constant speed, like sound in the air. A homogenous energy field must exist because the speed of light does not depend on the light source speed, neither does it depend on the energy level of the radiation. The old “ether”, earlier assumed to exist, can not exist because a material medium would gradually slow down the speed of the photons, electrons and celestial spheres and such an effect has not been observed. However, even a most empty cubic meter in universe contain some particles (atoms, protons, photons, etc.), which may interact with gravity field and radiation in some extent.

The celestial spheres, i.e. material, create holes in the gravity field. The pressure of gravitation compresses the material and forces the atomic particles to slow down and this will also slow down time. The pressure of gravitation, high temperature and nuclear reactions transforms the material into energy in the sun. A black hole, gravity and low temperature transform this energy back into material, which may be released with other forms of energy in black hole collisions. There is a huge amount of dark material in space that is difficult to see because it does not emit light or other waveforms of energy, but it may be observed indirectly.

Gravity Fills the Space

Gravity fills the space and only material makes it visible, material is not the source of the gravity. Gravitation is not an inter-material pulling force; instead it is a propulsive force of space that pushes material together. The old Newtonian laws of gravity work nicely in local conditions because they are blind to the direction of the gravity field. However, on the scale of the universe the difference is clear, the Newton and Einstein formulas do not work without the artificial “dark energy” correction term. We may also remember that the electric current flows in the opposite direction to what was originally concluded, but still the basic equations work. Any size of material particles speed up at exactly the same rate in the gravity flow. The mass of the material increases with the speed because the material interacts with the gravity field.

It is the pressure of the gravitation field that expands the universe, not some mystic dark energy. Gravitation turns into heat and other energy forms when it hits material, and this creates the 3 Kelvin cosmic background radiation glow, heats celestial spheres and has many other effects. Without this extra energy source the black body radiation would cool down the cosmic background radiation in a “few” years down to 0 Kelvin. The gravity field is also one reason why the absolute zero temperature is difficult to reach in the laboratory.

The heat effect of the gravity field is difficult to measure with a calorimeter because this effect is smaller than the accuracy of a standard calorimeter and because we cannot insert the whole earth into a calorimeter. However, on a large scale the heat effect of the gravity field and nuclear reactions are palpable. This heat effect becomes evident some kilometers under our feet and also inside the other celestial spheres, making their core hot. Energy and material never disappear, they only be transformed; we can rely on this basic fact.

Fluid Dynamic Model of Universe

The gravity-space approach will give a much more realistic and comprehensive understanding of the real universe than the old fictive time-space approach. Even the new string theory has not been able to explain the construction of the universe in spite of huge investments in this theory. Gravity-space standpoint could make it possible to model the movement of the tiny celestial spheres in the vast gravity ocean using the computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software with small modifications.

The earth and moon may be used to verify the necessary basic parameters for the fluid dynamic model of the universe. The gravity flows with high speed towards the spheres, which move slowly in this gravity energy ocean without friction. The volume ratio between space and matter is huge; the universe is like a sparse particle suspension.

Holy Assumptions

We still know less than 1% of the physical and chemical truth, so it is not wise to anchor our old assumptions if they do not agree with the experimental observations. Instead we should keep an open mind in order to go forward in our never-ending exploration. All inventions are based on new ideas and dreams, and they are the main driving force behind science, research and development. It is impossible to invent new ideas if we fear to test the old assumptions and make mistakes. An easy solution is to add new parameters to repair the old models but sometimes the reassessment of the old assumptions may give better results.

We cannot make the clock run in reverse or turn an old tomato into a young one, because it is impossible to change the direction of physical and chemical reactions. We do not need to worry about the disturbance of cause and effect because the present time is and was the only existing time. Juice may quickly be changed into wine by changing the speed of the natural processes, but we can travel in time only in our minds, because time is an illusion but gravity is the real thing.

However, time is flying because our world is changing all the time; change is the cause and time is the effect. Continuous change is a great thing because the human mind prefers insecurity to boredom. Time flies faster at the point that is moving slower, according to the Theory of Relativity. It is funny that time also flies faster in the human mind as the number of years increases and our physical speed decreases.

Dr. Antti Roine, February 27, 2005