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 Be the first pioneers to continue the Astronomy Discussions at our new Astronomy meeting place...The Space and Astronomy Agora Space Can Become Matter Forum List | Follow Ups | Post Message | Back to Thread Topics | In Response ToPosted by Richard Ruquist on February 25, 2003 19:02:14 UTC

if you start with 26-D spacetime, compactification may be how particles are formed in 10-D. Compactify 10-D and you may get axions or Dark Matter. I do not know of a reverse process.

In my personal theory, if the universe is in 26 dimensions, then within the singularity of a black hole you can pack all the phase space necessary to form an entire universe in 4-D.

The proof of this is to take the 1/22th root of the size of the universe. So the universe is say 100 billion light years in size, and a light year is 3x10^^10 cm/sx365daysx24hrs/dayx3600sec/hr.

Notice that the units cancel out to give you the size of the universe in cm.

Multiplying 100x10^^9x10^^10x10^^8=10^^29cm

Opps. This is the distance across the universe. Its volume is pi/6times this distance cubed, or
V=10^^97cm^^3

This is not the amount of phase space as one volume of phase phase is a Planck volume or
v=pi/6x(10^^-33)^^3=10^^-99cm^^3

The amount of phase space in the universe is then

V/v=10^^196 planck volumes

So when this many Planck volumes is packed into 24 dimensions (2 are time-like), the resulting volume is
L^^24
where L is the extent of the volume in planck scales. So to find L you take the 24th root of
10^^196

The result is 10^^196/24=10^^44/3=3X10^^11

Now a planck scale is 10^^-33 cm

So the size of the entire universe when packed into 26-D is
3x10^^-33x10^^11=3X10^^-22cm

This is much smaller than the size of an electron and we presume that it could fit into a black hole singularity, even if the full universe were much larger.

So bottomline, the answer to your question is that space is not created between its existence in a black hole singularity to its existence as an entire universe.

What must be true, but there is not yet a theory that demonstrates this, is that phase space is created in the unified field inside a black hole singularity.

This BTW proves that the universe is 26-D as if you try the same calculation with only 10-D, you cannot fit the phase space of a unIverse inside the singularity.

yanniru