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Re: Indeed The Universe Does Run In Cycle!

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Posted by Herve LeBreton/">Herve LeBreton on December 24, 1997 12:25:50 UTC

: With present theory, all matter was created in a few instants in the "begining". What emerged from the Higgs field after the cooling occured (in much less than one second) were the quarks, which subsequently condensed into protons and neutrons, and finally into protons and electrons. Which in turn condensed into hydrogen. Due to gravitational attraction, the hydrogen massed in a universe with similar properties to the one we are familiar with. This hydrogen underwent fusion, and then its products fused and so on, and thus the plethora of present day elements was created. However, this is a one way street. Because of the binding energies of nuclei, atoms lighter than iron tend to fuse, like hydrogen ..., and atoms heavier than iron, like uranium, tend to fission. In otherwords, things tend towards their lowest energy state, and this means no new hydrogen will be produced. In other words, the stars will become extinct one day. Eventually the universe will suffer a "heat death" do to the minimization of the free energy (free energy=energy+temp*entropy) when this happens, there will be no driving force, and the universe will remain stagnant. Kind of depressing.

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