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2D Into 4D

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Posted by Richard Ruquist on May 20, 2005 20:39:58 UTC

There is a recent theory that the universe is 4D at large scales but 2D at Plancl scales, one time and one space. Here is a link:

http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0505154
Reconstructing the Universe
J. Ambjorn (NBI Copenhagen and U. Utrecht), J. Jurkiewicz (U. Krakow), R. Loll (U. Utrecht)
52 pages, 20 postscript figures
Report-no: SPIN-05/14, ITP-UU-05/18

"We provide detailed evidence for the claim that nonperturbative quantum gravity, defined through state sums of causal triangulated geometries, possesses a large-scale limit in which the dimension of spacetime is four and the dynamics of the volume of the universe behaves semiclassically. This is a first step in reconstructing the universe from a dynamical principle at the Planck scale, and at the same time provides a nontrivial consistency check of the method of causal dynamical triangulations. A closer look at the quantum geometry reveals a number of highly nonclassical aspects, including a dynamical reduction of spacetime to two dimensions on short scales and a fractal structure of slices of constant time."

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